Neem is a fast-growing tree and can reach a height of 15-20 metres. It has white and fragrant flowers arranged in the form of drooping axillary panicles. Its fruit is a smooth olive-like drupe which varies in shape from elongate oval to nearly roundish. Normally the neem tree thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions on well drained deep and sandy soils.
Neem leaves are dried and placed in cupboards to prevent insects, and also in rice storing tins. Dry neem leaves are extensively used in Ayurveda, Unani and Homoeopathic medicine for the treatment of inflammation, infections, fever, skin diseases and dental disorders. Neem leaves and their constituents possess immune-modulatory, anti-inflammatory, anti-hyperglycaemic, antiulcer, anti-malarial, antifungal, antibacterial, antiviral, antioxidant, anti-mutagenic and anti-carcinogenic properties.
Neem oil is used for healthy hair, to improve liver function, detoxify the blood, and balance the blood sugar levels.
Neem is a natural alternative to synthetic pesticides. Neem seeds are ground into a powder, soaked overnight in water and sprayed onto the crop. It serves as an anti-feedant, repellent, and egg-laying deterrent, protecting the crop from damage.
The main chemical components of Neem are nimbin, nimbinin, and nimbidin. Nimbidin is the chief component responsible for the anti-bacterial properties of Neem.
Not for therapeutic purpose. To be used in ayurvedic preparation and formulations.