Ashwagandha is a small, woody shrub that generally grows about two feet in height. It can be found growing in Africa, the Mediterranean, and in Northern part of India. An erect, evergreen, tomentose shrub, 30-150 cm high, found throughout the drier parts of India in waste places and on bunds. Roots are stout fleshy, whitish brown; leaves simple ovate, glabrous, those in the floral region smaller and opposite; flowers inconspicuous, greenish or lubrid-yellow, in axillary, umbellate cymes; berries small, globose, orange-red when mature, enclosed in the persistent calyx; seeds yellow, reniform. The roots are the main portions of the plant used therapeutically. The bright red fruit is harvested in the late fall and seeds are dried for planting in the following spring.
Centuries of Ayurvedic medical experience using Withania somnifera have revealed it to have pharmacological value as an adaptogen, aphrosidiac, anti-inflammatory, deobstruent, diuretic, sedative, and tonic. Stimulate the activation of immune system cells, such as lymphocytes and phagocytes. Counteract the effects of stress and generally promote wellness
The roots of Withania somnifera consist primarily of compounds known as withanolides, which are believed to account for its extraordinary medicinal properties. Ashwagandha pharmacological activity has been mainly attributed to two main withanolides, withaferin A and withanolide D.
Not for therapeutic purpose. To be used in ayurvedic preparation and formulations.